Penicillins: Difference between revisions

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==Types with Common Indications==
=Types with Common Indications=
*'''Natural Penicillins ([[Penicillin G]] and [[Penicillin V]])'''
==Natural Penicillins ([[Penicillin G]] and [[Penicillin V]])==
** [[Strep Pharyngitis]] (including scarlet fever) Streptococcal Toxic Shock and [[Necrotizing Fascitis]]
*[[Strep Pharyngitis]] (including scarlet fever) Streptococcal Toxic Shock and [[Necrotizing Fascitis]]
*** Penicillin ''plus'' [[clindamycin]] (to decrease toxin synthesis)
** Penicillin ''plus'' [[clindamycin]] (to decrease toxin synthesis)
** [[Meningococcus]] [[Meningitis]]
*[[Meningococcus]] [[Meningitis]]
** [[Syphilis]] (Primary, 2ndary, and latent syphilis < 1 year duration)
*[[Syphilis]] (Primary, 2ndary, and latent syphilis < 1 year duration)
** Actinomycosis
*Actinomycosis
** [[Anthrax]]
*[[Anthrax]]
** Clostridial infections
*Clostridial infections
** [[Listeria]]
*[[Listeria]]
** [[Pasteurella]]
*[[Pasteurella]]
* '''Anti-Staphylococcal (Penicilinase-Resistant) Penicillins'''
==Anti-Staphylococcal (Penicilinase-Resistant) Penicillins==
** Nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin
===Nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin===
*** Agents of 1st choice for treatment of S. aureus and S. epidermidis that are not methicillin-reistant
*Agents of 1st choice for treatment of S. aureus and S. epidermidis that are not methicillin-reistant
*'''Amino (Expanded-Spectrum) Penicillins'''
==Amino (Expanded-Spectrum) Penicillins==
** Ampicillin, amoxicillin (+ clavulanate)
===Ampicillin, amoxicillin (+ clavulanate)===
*** Upper Respiratory Infections (due to S. pyogenes, S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae)
*Upper Respiratory Infections (due to S. pyogenes, S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae)
**** [[Sinusitis]]
**[[Sinusitis]]
**** [[Otitis Media]]
**[[Otitis Media]]
**** Acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis
**Acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis
*** Listeria
*Listeria
* '''Antipseudomonal Penicillins'''
==Antipseudomonal Penicillins==
** Piperacillin
===Piperacillin===
*** Infection following burns
*Infection following burns
*** Neutropenia
*Neutropenia


==See Also==
==See Also==

Revision as of 19:22, 7 November 2014

Types with Common Indications

Natural Penicillins (Penicillin G and Penicillin V)

Anti-Staphylococcal (Penicilinase-Resistant) Penicillins

Nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin

  • Agents of 1st choice for treatment of S. aureus and S. epidermidis that are not methicillin-reistant

Amino (Expanded-Spectrum) Penicillins

Ampicillin, amoxicillin (+ clavulanate)

  • Upper Respiratory Infections (due to S. pyogenes, S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae)
  • Listeria

Antipseudomonal Penicillins

Piperacillin

  • Infection following burns
  • Neutropenia

See Also

Source

Goodman & Gilman's Pharmacology