Penicillins: Difference between revisions

 
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=Types with Common Indications=
=Types with Common Indications=
==Natural Penicillins ([[Penicillin G]] and [[Penicillin V]])==
==Natural Penicillins ([[Penicillin G]] and [[Penicillin V]])==
*[[Strep Pharyngitis]] (including scarlet fever) Streptococcal Toxic Shock and [[Necrotizing Fascitis]]
*[[Strep Pharyngitis]] (including scarlet fever) Streptococcal [[Toxic shock syndrome|Toxic Shock]] and [[necrotizing fasciitis]]
** Penicillin ''plus'' [[clindamycin]] (to decrease toxin synthesis)
**Penicillin ''plus'' [[clindamycin]] (to decrease toxin synthesis)
*[[Meningococcus]] [[Meningitis]]
*[[Meningococcus]] [[Meningitis]]
*[[Syphilis]] (Primary, 2ndary, and latent syphilis < 1 year duration)
*[[Syphilis]] (Primary, 2ndary, and latent syphilis < 1 year duration)
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*[[Listeria]]
*[[Listeria]]
*[[Pasteurella]]
*[[Pasteurella]]
==Anti-Staphylococcal (Penicilinase-Resistant) Penicillins==
==Anti-Staphylococcal (Penicilinase-Resistant) Penicillins==
===Nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin===
===[[Nafcillin]], [[oxacillin]], [[dicloxacillin]]===
*Agents of 1st choice for treatment of S. aureus and S. epidermidis that are not methicillin-reistant
*Agents of 1st choice for treatment of S. aureus and S. epidermidis that are not methicillin-reistant
==Amino (Expanded-Spectrum) Penicillins==
==Amino (Expanded-Spectrum) Penicillins==
===Ampicillin, amoxicillin (+ clavulanate)===
===Ampicillin, [[amoxicillin]] (+ clavulanate)===
*Upper Respiratory Infections (due to S. pyogenes, S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae)
*Upper Respiratory Infections (due to [[S. pyogenes]], [[S. pneumoniae]], [[H. influenzae]])
**[[Sinusitis]]
**[[Sinusitis]]
**[[Otitis Media]]
**[[Otitis Media]]
**Acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis
**Acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis
*Listeria
*[[Listeria]]
==Antipseudomonal Penicillins==
==Antipseudomonal Penicillins==
===Piperacillin===
===[[Piperacillin]]===
*Infection following burns
*Infection following burns
*Neutropenia
*Neutropenia
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*[[Antibiotics (Main)]]
*[[Antibiotics (Main)]]


==Source==
==References==
<references/>
Goodman & Gilman's Pharmacology
Goodman & Gilman's Pharmacology


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[[Category:ID]]
[[Category:ID]]
[[Category:Drugs]]
[[Category:Pharmacology]]

Latest revision as of 13:11, 6 March 2021

Types with Common Indications

Natural Penicillins (Penicillin G and Penicillin V)

Anti-Staphylococcal (Penicilinase-Resistant) Penicillins

Nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin

  • Agents of 1st choice for treatment of S. aureus and S. epidermidis that are not methicillin-reistant

Amino (Expanded-Spectrum) Penicillins

Ampicillin, amoxicillin (+ clavulanate)

Antipseudomonal Penicillins

Piperacillin

  • Infection following burns
  • Neutropenia

See Also

References

Goodman & Gilman's Pharmacology