Penicillins: Difference between revisions

(Created page with "*'''Penicillin''' ** Strep Pharyngitis (including scarlet fever) Streptococcal Toxic Shock and Necrotizing Fascitis *** Penicillin ''plus'' clindamycin (to decrease toxin synt...")
 
 
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*'''Penicillin'''
=Types with Common Indications=
** Strep Pharyngitis (including scarlet fever) Streptococcal Toxic Shock and Necrotizing Fascitis
==Natural Penicillins ([[Penicillin G]] and [[Penicillin V]])==
*** Penicillin ''plus'' clindamycin (to decrease toxin synthesis)
*[[Strep Pharyngitis]] (including scarlet fever) Streptococcal [[Toxic shock syndrome|Toxic Shock]] and [[necrotizing fasciitis]]
** Meningococcus Meningitis
**Penicillin ''plus'' [[clindamycin]] (to decrease toxin synthesis)
** Syphilis (Primary, 2ndary, and latent syphilis < 1 year duration)
*[[Meningococcus]] [[Meningitis]]
** Actinomycosis
*[[Syphilis]] (Primary, 2ndary, and latent syphilis < 1 year duration)
** Anthrax
*Actinomycosis
** Clostridial infections
*[[Anthrax]]
** Listeria
*Clostridial infections
** Pasteurella
*[[Listeria]]
* Penicilinase-Resistant Penicillins
*[[Pasteurella]]
** Nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin
 
*** Agents of 1st choice for treatment of S. aureus and S. epidermidis that are not methicillin-reistant
==Anti-Staphylococcal (Penicilinase-Resistant) Penicillins==
*'''Expanded-Spectrum Penicillins'''
===[[Nafcillin]], [[oxacillin]], [[dicloxacillin]]===
** Ampicillin, amoxicillin (+ clavulanate)
*Agents of 1st choice for treatment of S. aureus and S. epidermidis that are not methicillin-reistant
*** Upper Respiratory Infections (due to S. pyogenes, S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae)
==Amino (Expanded-Spectrum) Penicillins==
**** Sinusitis
===Ampicillin, [[amoxicillin]] (+ clavulanate)===
**** Otitis media
*Upper Respiratory Infections (due to [[S. pyogenes]], [[S. pneumoniae]], [[H. influenzae]])
**** Acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis
**[[Sinusitis]]
*** Listeria
**[[Otitis Media]]
* Antipseudomonal Penicillins
**Acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis
** Piperacillin
*[[Listeria]]
*** Infection following burns
==Antipseudomonal Penicillins==
*** Neutropenia
===[[Piperacillin]]===
*Infection following burns
*Neutropenia


==See Also==
==See Also==
*[[Antibiotics (Main)]]
*[[Antibiotics (Main)]]


==Source==
==References==
<references/>
Goodman & Gilman's Pharmacology
Goodman & Gilman's Pharmacology


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[[Category:ID]]
[[Category:ID]]
[[Category:Drugs]]
[[Category:Pharmacology]]

Latest revision as of 13:11, 6 March 2021

Types with Common Indications

Natural Penicillins (Penicillin G and Penicillin V)

Anti-Staphylococcal (Penicilinase-Resistant) Penicillins

Nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin

  • Agents of 1st choice for treatment of S. aureus and S. epidermidis that are not methicillin-reistant

Amino (Expanded-Spectrum) Penicillins

Ampicillin, amoxicillin (+ clavulanate)

Antipseudomonal Penicillins

Piperacillin

  • Infection following burns
  • Neutropenia

See Also

References

Goodman & Gilman's Pharmacology