Types (with Indications)

  • Natural Penicillins (Penicillin G and Penicillin V)
  • Penicilinase-Resistant Penicillins
    • Nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin
      • Agents of 1st choice for treatment of S. aureus and S. epidermidis that are not methicillin-reistant
  • Expanded-Spectrum Penicillins
    • Ampicillin, amoxicillin (+ clavulanate)
      • Upper Respiratory Infections (due to S. pyogenes, S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae)
        • Sinusitis
        • Otitis media
        • Acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis
      • Listeria
  • Antipseudomonal Penicillins
    • Piperacillin
      • Infection following burns
      • Neutropenia

See Also


Goodman & Gilman's Pharmacology